There has been an increase in the popularity of dystopian fiction, especially in the number of books targeting young adults. The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins, The Divergent by Veronica Roth, and The Maze Runner by James Dashner are but a few examples.
Because so many of my students have read these books, I often teach a unit on dystopian literature and film. In this unit, we read Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four. Some students also read Brave New World by Aldous Huxley. Still others read FEED by M. T. Anderson. We analyze portions of films like Logan’s Run, Bladerunner, Minority Report, Gattaca, Brazil, The Island, and I, Robot. Students are often inspired to head to our library and check out other books in this genre, including Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, The Road by Cormac McCarthy and The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood.
Dystopian Literature in a Christian School
I am sure there are many schools in North America that teach a unit like this, but in a Christian school, a particular kind of Christian school, it is taught a little differently. I organize the unit around the questions, “What aspect of our culture is being critiqued in the novel or film?” and “Are these critiques legitimate?” Through our investigation, students discover that each author/film-maker places a high value on the human being and being human. The central purpose of each novel/film is to critique the subversion of human value to some other value–some other aspect of creation.Dystopian fiction and film is essentially a prophetic genre--it uncovers and condemns idolatry.Click To Tweet
This inversion is the essence of the Biblical notion of idolatry. Human beings have value because they are created in the image of God. Humanity has been placed at the top of creation and given the responsibility to take care of it. When God is replaced by some good thing he created, humanity too is replaced from its position above all that was created. Idol worship always degrades humanity. Thus, this unit is actually an exploration of the Biblical teachings on human identity and value, and idolatry.
The creators of dystopian literature and film are proclaiming the evil of sacrificing humanity to our cultural idols:
- the idols of power (1984)
- pleasure (Logan’s Run and Brave New World)
- technology (Bladerunner and Feed),
- genetic perfection (Gattaca),
- a longer life (The Island), etc.
The presence and popularity of these narratives are encouraging. They indicate that there still is a large segment of our society that accepts the premise of human value.I will rue the day when dystopian literature and film are no longer popular--it will mean that we've stepped off the edge.Click To Tweet