Bill Maher sure doesn’t like it when religious people say that atheism is a religion.
In one sense, Maher is right; atheism is not a religion. Atheism doesn’t have any explicit rituals or holy texts, nor does it believe in a deity. When Maher restricts his definition of religion to “this looney stuff” he can safely declare that “atheism is a religion like abstinence is a sex position.”
But if we were to broaden the definition of religion to something like–people who have faith in something that can’t be proven rationally. Well, then it would be a little more legitimate to declare Maher a religious person because atheism is based on a belief that cannot be proven. It requires a leap of faith to accept the claim that the whole of reality is strictly material.
A lot of discussion (argument) comes after we have agreed on this point. For instance, we’d have to talk about upon whom the burden of truth rests, but it is important that we accept the fact that there is no belief that does not begin with a claim that cannot be proven rationally.
Maher claims it is only “idiots” who stand in the “grand intellectual tradition of ‘I know you are but what am I?'” who assert that atheism and theism are “two sides of the same coin.” But this isn’t exactly true. Fredrich Nietzsche, who on the continuum between idiocy and genius makes geniuses look like idiots, said exactly this.
In one sense, Nietzsche would lump Maher and the Christians who drive him crazy into the same category. He that, just like religion, the rationalism and scientific optimism celebrated by Maher, is another attempt to set up an ideal to which we might aspire. Maher’s transcendent ideal is an aggregate of equality, freedom of speech, science, democracy, etc.
There is nothing wrong with belief in transcendent meaning. Nietzsche said that human beings have a hard time flourishing without something to believe in. So it’s nothing to be ashamed of.
. . . the line between faith and reason
There are some pretty distinct lines between his “evidence based belief” and my “faith based malarkey” but it is not helpful to draw ones that don’t really exist.